Butcher or grocery store names in italics.
Strip steaks: top loin, sirloin, strip, shell, New York,
Kansas City—chewy with beefy flavor; fat around perimeter.
If you wish to pan-sear, these are the best, also excellent grilled
Rib steaks: ribeye, Delmonico, Spencer—fine,
smooth texture and rich flavor. Noticeable fat marbling
throughout steak. Excellent grilled over fire; pan-searing not
advised as it will not properly dispose of large concentrations of
fat in marbling (the fat ends up in the pan with the steak).
Tenderloin steaks: filet mignon, Châteaubriand,
tournedos—very tender and extremely mild flavor. These are
the leanest steaks. Filet mignon is frequently bacon-wrapped to
enhance its flavor.
Chuck steaks: chuck, blade, chuck-eye,
flat iron—flavorful, well marbled, less expensive,
nearer the shoulder, more connective tissue. Very good grilled over
Flank steaks: tougher, but usually sliced thin used for
carne asada, pan-seared, stir fry and filled rolls.
Round steaks: Lean, flavorless, inedible dog
food—should have been thrown into a grinder with fat to make
Flat iron steaks: Over the shoulder and down the front
from the chuck, the flat iron originates in a muscle group from
which cross-rib roasts and two flat iron steaks are cut. The flat
iron is gaining in popularity, in particular in the mid-West.
While well marbled, the flat iron is surprisingly devoid of
Smoke point of fats
| Safflower || 450°F |
| Peanut || 450°F |
| Canola || 435°F |
| Corn || 410°F |
| Olive || 375°F |
| Rendered butter || 350°F |
| Butter || 300°F ||
Butcher or grocery store names in italics.
Sirloin roasts: tri-tip—chewy with beefy
flavor; fat around perimeter.
Rib roasts: ribeye, prime rib—fine, smooth
texture and rich flavor. Noticeable fat marbling throughout roast.
Excellent slow cooked to rare, medium rare, etc.
Short loin roasts: filet mignon,
tenderloin—lean, very tender and mild flavor.
Chuck roasts: 7-bone, cross-rib,
chuck-eye—flavorful, well marbled, less expensive,
nearer the shoulder, more connective tissue. Very good as pot roast
if properly and carefully cooked.
Round roasts: tip, round tip, bottom round, eye of
round, rump—lean, flavorless, inedible dog food—should
have been thrown into a grinder with fat to make hamburger.
Roasting meat, basic steps
1. Season meat (salt & pepper, overnight marinade or
apply a rub of blended spices).
2. Sear meat in 450° skillet, 2 minutes per side.
3. Place meat on rack, roast to 375° until done
(appropriate internal temperature).
4. Let rest 8 minutes per pound; do not cover (or tent).
Steak comes from Anglo Saxon steik, meaning
"meat on a spit."
To clean cast iron skillet scrub with Kosher salt until clean,
then discard—no water.
Papain doesn't tenderize just sitting there: you have to apply heat!
Cook marinated skirt steak directly on charcoal briquettes that
have been "dusted" with a hair dryer.
Fajita comes from Spanish faja, meaning "girdle" or "strip."
Cooking hot and fast? Avoid names for cuts containing tri-tip,
ball-tip and butt.
Eating beef is covered in scripture...
Yea, verily, and the messenger from on high saith unto me, there existeth
a beast clean to eat that giveth much pleasure; nevertheless, the manner
in which thou eatest it determineth the enjoyment thereof.
Its steaks are legion:
round for him who eateth infrequently of the beast and knoweth
not its very goodness;
sirloin for the establishment and hospitality;
chuck for the likeness of rib at the humble man’s table;
Porterhouse and T-bone for the tempting of natural,
carnal and sensual man;
New York for the seasoned diner;
ribeye for the connoisseur and the hedonist; and
filet mignon for the romantic
Communal and tasty are its roasts, except
rump and round for the grocer’s sale and the
uninformed hostess; but
chuck for the large family gathering, taking care not to
crossrib for smaller gatherings; and
prime rib for the entertainment of quality persons that disobey
not the injunction against cooking over-much;
The animal’s flank and skirt for the stir-fry
and the savoury roll, but slice thinly lest it be tough and more
suitable for the fabrication of thy sandals;
Succulent is the barbecue thereof:
spare ribs for slow cooking;
back ribs for Texas and for the winter sporting event; the
beast’s brisket somptuous if thou perservere with smoke and
Employ therefore but a little salt and much pepper;
spices in all their variety;
the reduction of vine fruits after the cooking of the meat;
great smoke and all manner of aromates including the onion, the shallot
and the garlic.
This is the teaching I give thee and hold thee hard to its accounting;
see thou dost not offend the sanctity thereof by inattentive or over-long
cooking except for the slowness and patience of a pot or smoking pit;
nor by the application of untoward or heavy sauces that obscure the taste
thereof (ketchup and steak sauce lead thee swiftly to hell!);
and see that thou givest thanks for this beast before thy Maker.
And the name of the joyous beast is beef.
Liber Russell, L.719